Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: causes and methods of treatment

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or prostatitis can be safely called one of the most common urological diseases, because according to medical statistics, about half of the male population of the world at least once experienced the symptoms of this disease.

What is prostatitis?

Prostatitis is a general term for the inflammatory process in the prostate gland. Prostate can be called one of the most important organs of the male sexual sphere as it is responsible for the process of erection and also participates in the production of hormones. In case of inflammation of the prostate, all these functions are violated in a certain way, and the man experiences not only physical unpleasant symptoms, but also psychological discomfort.

Risk factors provoking prostatitis

It should be noted that there are a lot of factors that can provoke the onset of stagnant phenomena in the small pelvis or infectious processes. These include:

  • Venereal and genitourinary infections (cystitis, pyelonephritis and other infections not cured in time). The list of these diseases can also include chlamydia, trichomoniasis, candidiasis, gonorrhea, etc.
  • The presence of chronic diseases in which bacteria and pathogens can enter the prostate gland together with the bloodstream, provoking its inflammation. The cause of this can be sinusitis, bronchitis and even caries;
  • Frequent stresses, causing nervous exhaustion, as well as heavy physical exertion can also contribute to the development of prostatitis to a certain extent;
  • Acute prostatitis can be caused by hypothermia or overheating in the pelvic region;
  • Risk factors include some types of professional activity, in which men have to move very little. So, stagnant phenomena and prostatitis often develop in drivers, office workers, etc.;
  • Irregular sexual life can also be fraught with the development of inflammation of the prostate, because during the ejaculation, a natural massage of this organ occurs.
  • Bad habits and unhealthy diet have a negative impact on the state of health in general and the prostate gland isn’t an exception.

For any man it is extremely important to pay attention to possible clinical manifestations of prostatitis and to consult a specialist for detailed examination and treatment.

How to cure prostatitis effectively?

Treatment of acute prostatitis and exacerbation of the chronic form of this disease is carried out according to similar schemes. With adequate therapy, a complete cure for acute prostatitis or long-term remission with a chronic form of the disease is achieved.

The most frequently used methods of prostatitis treatment are the following:

  • Antibacterial drug treatment: Effective only if prostatitis is infectious. The course of antibiotic treatment with prostatitis can last more than 2-3 weeks, but it cannot be interrupted if the symptoms of the disease are alleviated, as well as the dose of the prescribed drug shouldn’t be changed.
  • Alpha-adrenoblockers: Affect the smooth muscles of the muscles of the prostate gland, which contributes to its rapid recovery.
  • Hormonal means: Help quickly to remove hormonal disorders in the body of a man.
  • Muscle relaxants: Relieve tension in the transverse striated muscles of the prostate.
  • Manufactured on the basis of medicinal plant components and used as auxiliary agents in the treatment of prostatitis.
  • Physiotherapy methods: Physiotherapy treatment improves the trophism of the prostate tissue and accelerates the recovery process. Possible application of the following methods of physiotherapy: transrectal microwave hyperthermia, diadynaphoresis, laser therapy, ultrasound phonophoresis.
  • Rectal suppositories for the treatment of prostatitis are highly effective, since the active substances contained in them enter the inflammatory focus at the highest concentration. Suppositories can contain antispasmodics, antibacterial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory substances. Their use is often recommended by a doctor for the prevention of exacerbations of chronic prostatitis.
  • Massage of the prostate: This procedure is one of the most effective methods of treatment of prostatitis. Thanks to it, accumulated in the prostate gland, the secret is squeezed out of it, and then it is independently withdrawn through the urethra. In addition, the massage of the prostate helps to improve the blood supply of the gland tissues, which increases the effectiveness of antibacterial and local therapy. Prostate massage in the phase of acute inflammation is contraindicated, as this can lead to the spread of infection.
  • Surgical intervention: only when all of the above methods were not effective.


This article was written by Dr. Breslin, a private certified urologist and Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, a former research fellow at the Harvard Institute, and the author of scientific articles related to urinary incontinence and bladder control.
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